Imphal (Manipur) : Liver cancer is the third leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. It occurs predominantly in patients with underlying chronic liver disease, cirrhosis or hepatitis B. Surgery and Liver Transplantation are well known treatment options
Radio frequency ablation (RFA) is one of the highly advanced treatment options approved by FDA and practised all over the World for Early stages of hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer)and It is fast becoming preferred treatment option.
Its principle is based on delivery and deposition of electromagnetic energy (AC current) into the cancer cells producing a thermal injury leading to almost instantaneous protein coagulation, irreversible damage to mitochondria and cytosolic cell, vaporization, and ultimately carbonization. The heat destroys the liver cancer cells permanently. It is performed by introducing electrodes (electric needles) through small punctures (no open surgery) in skin of the body and into liver cancer under the guidance of CT /Ultrasound.
This exemplary state- of - art technology of RFA was introduced in medical history of Manipur towards the fight against liver cancer and performed for the first time in the Northeast India by Dr. Thangjam Gautam Singh, Consultant Interventional Radiologist, Shija hospitals , Langol. He is also trained in “Interventional Oncology” for numerous operations for cancers in liver, biliary, kidney, lungs and bone.
This procedure was performed on a 61 year old woman with right upper abdomen pain since six months and was diagnosed to have HCC (liver cancer) of size 2.7cms with background liver parenchymal disease. She had deranged liver function test. Liver cancer was confirmed by alpha feto protein (AFP) level, MRI liver and FNAC. She underwent RFA for liver cancer under CT guidance in Shija Hospitals, Langol. Her recovery was uneventful and was discharged the next day with advice to follow up after one month.
Photo for representational purposes only