Augmenting Cancer treatment facilities in India's North East

June 7, 2017, 11:03 pm
New Delhi :The Indian cabinet  has  approved taking over of Dr. B. Borooah Cancer Institute, Guwahati by Department of Atomic Energy and the country's premier treatment and research  centre,  Tata Memorial Centre(TMC)  would have direct administrative control. A total of  166 posts in Medical, Para medical and support positions  would be created soon.
The  Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister  Narendra Modi today approved taking over of  Dr. B. Borooah Cancer Institute, Guwahati by Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) and bringing it under the administrative control of Tata Memorial Centre, an Aided institution of DAE.
The decision comes in the wake of the increasing instances of cancer, limited cancer treatment facilities and the need for a hospital support to carry out further research in North Eastern Region.The approximate non-recurring expenditure for strengthening of institute is estimated at Rs. 150 crore and annual recurring expenditure is estimated at Rs. 45- 50 crores.
B.Borooah Cancer Institute was established in 1974 in Guwahati with the aim and objective of investigation, diagnosis and treatment of cancer in the North Eastern region of India by a voluntary organization. Subsequently,  Assam government took over the institute with all its assets and liabilities in 1986 and entered into a tripartite agreement with the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) and North Eastern Council for management of the institute. The institute is presently a 209 bedded hospital with 8 bedded ICU.Tata Memorial hospital under DAE is a premier research institution in the field of cancer research and treatment. TMC under the aegis of DAE has been extending financial and technical support to the institute since 1989. Chief Minister of Assam in October 2013 had proposed that DAE should take over the institute to develop it as a center for excellence for cancer treatment, education and research for the entire North East.
The north-eastern part of India has the highest incidence of cancer in the country, according to the latest report of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). In men, age-adjusted incidence rate of all types of cancers is the highest in Aizawl district of Mizoram followed by East Khasi Hills (Meghalaya) and Mizoram state. In women, the highest incidence is in Aizawl district followed by Kamrup urban district (Assam) and Mizoram state. ICMR’s “Three Year Report of Population Based Cancer Registries 2009 2011” has used data collected over three years from the 25 population-based cancer registries (PBCRs) in the country. (Age-adjusted rate is derived statistically and allows comparison between communities with different age structures.) 
In terms of crude rate (ratio of affected people per 100,000 population), the highest rate of cancer has been seen in Aizawl district of Mizoram—168.2 men and 149.5 women per 100,000 population—followed by Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala with 143.5 men and 144.3 women per 100,000 people. Amongst the only two rural cancer registries in the country, Ahmedabad in Gujarat has higher number of men suffering from cancer than in Barshi, Maharashtra. The data shows that 56.8 men per 100,000 people are affected in Ahmedabad compared to 48.5 in Barshi. Barshi has higher cancer incidence among women with 59 cases per 100,000 people compared to 46.1 in Ahmedabad. Data from different PBCRs show that the most common cancers in men are that of the lung, mouth, oesophagus, stomach and nasopharynx. The most common cancers in women are that of breast, cervix, uterus, oesophagus and lung.

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