New Delhi, Dec 16: The last Solar eclipse of 2019 will be visible in India along with several other countries on Thursday . It will be a partial solar eclipse.
The Partial Solar Eclipse, in Guwahati will begin at 08:39 am and the maximum will be at 10:02 0.45 magnitude and will end at 11:36 am. The duration will be of 2 hours, 56 minutes.
A partial solar eclipse will be visible in some parts of India and several other countries across the world on Thursday. The annular solar eclipse – often called a ring of fire eclipse – happens when the Moon covers the sun’s centre, leaving the sun’s visible outer edges to form a “ring of fire” or annulus – around the moon.
This is the year’s third and final solar eclipse that will occur over Asia, Africa and Australia.
According to the Birla Industrial and Technological Museum (BITM), during the eclipse the maximum obstruction of the sun from different cities of India will be seen – 44.7 per cent in Delhi, 45.1 per cent in Kolkata, 78.8 per cent in Mumbai, 84.6 per cent in Chennai, 89.4 per cent in Bengaluru, 74.3 per cent in Hyderabad, and 66 per cent in Ahmedabad.
In Kolkata, the eclipse will reportedly begin at 08:26:55 am, reach its maximum at 09:52:37 am and end at 11:32:37 am. Other countries where the eclipse will be visible are- United Arab Emirates, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Northern Mariana Islands and Guam.
As per BITM, the ring will be not be seen from every parts of India, but in Kannur, Kerala and in the southern coastal parts it will be visible. The annular eclipse will, however, appear as a partial eclipse in thousands of kilometers area elsewhere where the ring will not be seen.
When the annular solar eclipse takes place on Thursday , sky watchers should use safe viewing equipment and proper techniques to view the celestial event as the infrared and ultraviolet rays of the Sun can cause severe retinal damage, a senior astronomer has said.
Partial phases of the solar eclipse will be visible from all over the country in varying magnitude depending upon the geographical position.
One should not look at the Sun directly for even a little period without proper protection. Even when 99 per cent of the surface of the Sun is covered by the moon during partial eclipse, the remaining light is still intense enough to damage the eye, reported PTI.
Proper solar filters with certified appropriate optical density against radiation which are safe to the eyes should be used in front optical devices and the naked eye, the report said.
Use of unsafe filters like smoked glass, polarising filter, sun glasses, photographic neutral density filters, colour films are not advised to view the solar phenomenon,the report said.
The people of the southern part of the country will be fortunate to see a greater part of the partial solar eclipse because of the geometry of the eclipse path. But every Indian will get an opportunity to see at least a partial eclipse.
( With agency inputs)