Guwahati (Assam): Narayana Superspeciality Hospital (NSH) Guwahati performed its first laparoscopic uterine cancer surgery on a 45-year-old woman diagnosed with uterine cancer.
She was admitted to the hospital with profuse vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain following which she was diagnosed with uterine cancer by Dr. Pinak Dasgupta. Most salient feature of this case was that it was discussed, using a multidisciplinary approach, with other cancer specialists at Narayana Superspeciality Hospital, Kolkata, via recently-launched Virtual Oncology Clinic.
At the Kolkata-end of the virtual clinic was Dr. Arunava Roy, who specializes in cancer treatment, and who subsequently flew to NSH Guwahati and conducted the surgery along with Dr. Pinak Dasgupta. According to the doctors at NSH Guwahati this multidisciplinary approach to the laparoscopic uterine cancer surgery and treatment showcased the strength that Narayana Group of Hospitals possesses across Northeast.
Dr. Arunava Roy, Gynecologic-Oncology surgeon, Narayana Superspeciality Hospital, Howrah said, “Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the uterus, which is a hollow, pear-shaped pelvic organ in women where fetal development occurs. Endometrial cancer begins in the layer of cells that form the lining (endometrium) of the uterus and is commonly known as uterine cancer.”
“The first sign is most often vaginal bleeding not associated with a menstrual period. Other symptoms include pain with urination or sexual intercourse or simply pelvic pain. Endometrial cancer occurs most commonly after menopause”, added Dr. Pinak Dasgupta, Consultant Lap. & Gastrointestinal Minimally Invasive Surgeon, Narayana Superspeciality Hospital, Guwahati.
Approximately 40 percent of cases are related to obesity. Endometrial cancer is also associated with excessive estrogen exposure, high blood pressure and diabetes. Whereas taking estrogen alone increases the risk of endometrial cancer, taking both estrogen and a progestogen in combination, as in most birth control pills, decreases the risk.
Pertinently, rates of endometrial cancer have risen in several countries between the 1980s and 2010. Obesity, apart from an increasing number of elderly people, is the main contributing factor.